Logical Reasoning tests assess an individual’s ability to analyze and solve problems systematically and logically. These tests are commonly used in recruitment processes, particularly for positions in finance, consulting, and technology.
The questions typically involve syllogisms, logical sequences, and deductive reasoning and can include both verbal and non-verbal formats such as diagrams and tables. The goal is to measure an individual’s ability to understand complex information and reach a conclusion based on that information.
The tests evaluate a candidate’s ability to solve problems. These tests require well-thought logical decisions, as well as the ability to rationalize them. Overall, critical thinking is crucial to success; hence, assessments like these enable employers to identify the right candidates by evaluating their job readiness.
Here’s what you can expect in a logical reasoning test during an interview:
- Type of questions: Depending on the nature of the job, you may face different types of logical reasoning questions including numerical reasoning, verbal reasoning, abstract reasoning, diagrammatic or inductive reasoning. These questions usually present you with a series of figures, patterns, or premises, and ask you to identify the underlying logic or to predict the next figure or pattern.
- Time constraint: These tests are usually timed. The number of questions and the time given can vary widely depending on the job and the level of the position. Typically, you might be given around 20 to 30 minutes to solve 15 to 20 questions.
- Scoring: Some tests may use negative marking for incorrect answers, while others may only count correct answers. Make sure you understand the scoring system before you start the test.
- Format: The test may be administered online or on paper, as part of a pre-interview screening process, or during an assessment center day.
How can I improve my logical reasoning and problem solving skills?
Here are some tips to improve your logical reasoning and problem-solving skills:
- Practice regularly: The more you practice, the better you become at it. Solve puzzles, brainteasers, and other logical reasoning problems.
- Learn from your mistakes: When you make a mistake, take the time to understand where you went wrong. This will help you avoid making the same mistake in the future.
- Develop a systematic approach: When solving problems, it is important to have a systematic approach to ensure you don’t miss any important information or steps.
- Expand your knowledge: A broad range of knowledge can be useful in solving problems and reasoning logically. Read books, take courses, and learn about a variety of subjects.
- Stay curious: Stay curious and ask questions. This will help you think creatively and come up with new solutions to problems.
- Collaborate with others: Collaborating with others can help you see problems from different perspectives, leading to more creative solutions.
- Take breaks: Taking breaks and stepping back from a problem can help you clear your mind and come up with fresh ideas.
How do you practice logical reasoning tests?
There are several ways to practice logical reasoning tests:
- Solve practice problems and quizzes: practice problems and quizzes to help improve logical reasoning skills.
- Familiarize yourself with the format: Becoming familiar with the format and types of questions that are commonly asked can help you feel more comfortable and confident during the test.
- Study patterns and trends: Logical reasoning tests often have patterns and trends in the types of questions asked. Studying these patterns can help you approach the questions more efficiently.
- Time management: Logical reasoning tests often have time constraints, so it’s important to practice solving problems within a set time frame.
- Analyze your strengths and weaknesses: After solving practice problems, analyze your results and focus on improving your weaknesses.
- Take mock tests: Take a full-length mock test to simulate the real test-taking experience and get an idea of your current level of preparedness.
Some common topics covered in logical reasoning include:
- Deductive reasoning: this involves reaching a conclusion based on general principles or rules.
- Inductive reasoning: this involves making generalizations based on specific examples or evidence.
- Abduction: this is a type of inference that involves finding the best explanation for a set of observations.
- Syllogisms: this involves making deductions based on two premises and a conclusion.
- Logical fallacies: these are mistakes in reasoning that can lead to incorrect conclusions.
- Problem solving: this involves applying logic and critical thinking to solve problems systematically.
- Critical thinking: this involves analyzing and evaluating arguments and evidence to make informed decisions.
- Paradoxes: these are self-contradictory statements or situations that challenge our understanding of logic and reasoning.
Prepare for the Logical Reasoning assessment test
Online Practice – Inductive and Deductive Reasoning practice materials
Free Sample Questions And Answers
Remember that practice, patience, and perseverance are key to improving your logical reasoning skills.
Sample Question 1
Find the item that breaks in the sequence
Sample Question 2
Find the odd one out >
Answer For Logical Reasoning Tests
Question 1 – C
Question 2 – D
Here are some example questions you might encounter on a logical reasoning test:
Certainly! Logical reasoning tests are used to measure a person’s ability to think logically and analytically. They are often used in pre-employment assessments to gauge a candidate’s problem-solving skills. Here are some sample logical reasoning questions you can try out for free. These are not tied to any specific test provider and are meant for general practice.
If all dogs bark and some barking animals are pets, which of the following must be true?
A) All pets bark
B) Some pets are dogs
C) Some dogs are pets
D) Some pets bark
What comes next in the series? 2, 4, 8, 16, __?
If it’s raining, then the ground is wet. The ground is not wet. What can you conclude?
A) It’s not raining
B) It’s raining
C) The ground is wet
D) No conclusion can be drawn
If a person has a driver’s license, then they are at least 16 years old. Sarah does not have a driver’s license. What can you conclude?
A) Sarah is less than 16 years old
B) Sarah is at least 16 years old
C) Sarah is exactly 16 years old
D) No conclusion can be drawn
What comes next in the pattern: O, T, T, F, F, S, _?
If roses are flowers and some flowers fade quickly, which of the following must be true?
A) All roses fade quickly
B) Some roses fade quickly
C) No roses fade quickly
D) None of the above
What is the number that is one more than one-tenth of one-fifth of one-half of 2000?
- Deductive reasoning: All apples are fruits. All fruits grow on trees. Therefore: A. All apples grow on trees B. Not all apples grow on trees C. Some apples grow on trees D. None of the above
- Inductive reasoning: What is the next number in the sequence: 2, 4, 8, 16, ___ A. 18 B. 20 C. 32 D. 64
- Abstract reasoning: Choose the image that completes the pattern:[Pattern of images with a clear rule, like rotation or color change]
- Diagrammatic reasoning: Diagrammatic problems will ask you to infer a set of rules from a flowchart or diagram and then apply them to a new situation.